2011 Annual Checklist DVD front cover
This release of the Catalogue of Life contains contributions from 168 taxonomic databases with information on 1,745,580 living and 59,581 extinct species, 158,172 living and 564 extinct infraspecific taxa which belong to 175,363 genera, 11,716 families, 1,523 orders, 352 classes, 101 phyla and 7 kingdoms plus viruses, it also includes 1,640,822 synonyms and 429,318 common names, and covering the following groups:

Viruses • Viruses and Subviral agents from ICTV_MSL

Bacteria and Archaea from ITIS Global

Chromista • Chromistan fungi from Species Fungorum • Foraminifers from WoRMS Foraminifera UPDATED!

Protozoa • Major groups from ITIS Regional • Ciliates from CilCat • Polycystines from WoRMS Polycystina UPDATED! • Protozoan fungi from Species Fungorum and Trichomycetes • Microsporidians from Microsporidia • Slime moulds from Nomen.eumycetozoa.com

Fungi • Various taxa in whole or in part from CABI Bioservices databases (Species Fungorum, Phyllachorales, Rhytismatales, Saccharomycetes and Zygomycetes) and from four other databases covering Xylariaceae, Glomeromycota, Trichomycetes, Dothideomycetes • Lichens from LIAS

Plantae (Plants) • Mosses from MOST • Liverworts and hornworts from ELPT • Ferns and fern-allies from World Ferns • Cycads from The World List of Cycads • Conifers from Conifer Database • 113 flowering plant families from WCSP and 294 families from World Plants • Plus individual flowering plant families from AnnonBase, Brassicaceae, Droseraceae Database, ILDIS, WWW, RJB Geranium.

Animalia (Animals) • Marine groups from ITIS Global, ETI WBD (Euphausiacea), Brachiopoda Database UPDATED!, Phoronida Database UPDATED!, WoRMS Antipatharia UPDATED!, WoRMS Appendicularia UPDATED!, WoRMS Ascidiacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Asteroidea UPDATED!, WoRMS Bochusacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Brachypoda UPDATED!, WoRMS Brachyura UPDATED!, WoRMS Bryozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Cephalochordata UPDATED!, WoRMS Ceriantharia UPDATED!, WoRMS Cestoda, WoRMS Chaetognatha UPDATED!, WoRMS Copepoda UPDATED!, WoRMS Corallimorpharia UPDATED!, WoRMS Ctenophora UPDATED!, WoRMS Cubozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Cumacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Echinoidea UPDATED!, , WoRMS Foraminifera UPDATED!, WoRMS Gastrotricha UPDATED!, WoRMS Gnathostomulida UPDATED!, WoRMS Hexacoral UPDATED!, WoRMS Holothuroidea UPDATED!, WoRMS Hydrozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Isopoda UPDATED!, WoRMS Kinorhyncha UPDATED!, WoRMS Leptostraca UPDATED!, WoRMS Loricifera UPDATED!, WoRMS Merostomata UPDATED!, WoRMS MilliBase UPDATED!, WoRMS Mollusca, WoRMS Monogenea, WoRMS Mystacocarida UPDATED!, WoRMS Myxozoa, WoRMS Nemertea UPDATED!, WoRMS Octocorallia UPDATED!, WoRMS Oligochaeta UPDATED!, WoRMS Ophiuroidea UPDATED!, WoRMS Orthonectida UPDATED!, WoRMS Ostracoda, WoRMS Placozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Polychaeta UPDATED!, WoRMS Polycystina UPDATED!, WoRMS Porifera UPDATED!, WoRMS Priapulida UPDATED!, WoRMS PycnoBase UPDATED!, WoRMS Remipedia UPDATED!, WoRMS Rhombozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Scleractinia UPDATED!, WoRMS Scyphozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Staurozoa UPDATED!, WoRMS Tanaidacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Tantulocarida UPDATED!, WoRMS Thaliacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Thermosbaenacea UPDATED!, WoRMS Trematoda, WoRMS Turbellarians UPDATED!, WoRMS Xenoturbellida UPDATED!, WoRMS Zoantharia UPDATED! • Rotifers, mayflies, freshwater hairworms, planarians, water fleas and aquatic mites from FADA databases: FADA Rotifera, FADA Ephemeroptera, FADA Nematomorpha, FADA Cladocera & FADA Halacaridae • Entoprocts, water bears from ITIS Global • Spiders, scorpions, ticks & mites from WSC, The Scorpion Files, ITIS Global, TicksBase, SpmWeb BdelloideaBase & Mites GSDs: OlogamasidBase, PhytoseiidBase, RhodacaridBase & TenuipalpidBase • Centipedes from ChiloBase • Dragonflies and damselflies from Odonata database • Stoneflies from SF Plecoptera • Cockroaches from SF Cockroach • Termites from SF Isoptera • Praying mantids from SF Mantodea • Stick and leaf insects from SF Phasmida • Ice crawlers from SF Grylloblattodea • Earwigs from SF Dermaptera • Grasshoppers, locusts, katydids and crickets from SF Orthoptera • Rock crawlers, gladiators from SF Mantophasmatodea • Webspinners from SF Embioptera • Zorapterans from SF Zoraptera • Bark & parasitic lices from SF Psocodea • Some groups of true bugs from ScaleNet, FLOW UPDATED!, COOL UPDATED!, Psyllist UPDATED!, SF Aphid, MBB, SF Coleorrhyncha, 3i Auchenorrhyncha, MOWD, SF Coreoidea, The White-Files UPDATED!, Tessaratomidae Database UPDATED!, Lace Bugs Database UPDATED!, PBI Plant Bug & SF Lygaeoidea • Twisted-wing parasites from Strepsiptera Database UPDATED! • Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, fishflies, dobsonflies & snakeflies from LDL NSW • Some beetle groups from the Scarabs, TITAN, WTaxa, Brentids UPDATED!, 3i Curculio, CarabCat, Jewel Beetles & ITIS Global • Fleas from Parhost • Flies, mosquitoes, bots, midges and gnats from Systema Dipterorum, CCW & CIPA • Butterflies and moths from LepIndex, GloBIS (GART), Tineidae NHM, Global Gracillariidae, Nepticuloidea, Pterophoroidea • Bees & wasps from ITIS Bees, Taxapad Ichneumonoidea, UCD, ZOBODAT Vespoidea, HymIS & SF Chrysididae • Fishes from FishBase • Reptiles from ReptileDB • Amphibians, birds and mammals from ITIS Global

PLUS additional species of various taxa from ITIS Regional, NZIB, CoL China, extinct taxa from PaleoBioDB, and missing parts of the classification down to genus level from IRMNG


The Catalogue of Life Editors

The Catalogue of Life combines the outputs of the Species 2000 and the ITIS programmes. Assembly and publication of the Catalogue of Life is managed by Yuri Roskov in Champaign, working with colleagues around the world.

Yuri Roskov, Catalogue of Life Executive Editor at the Species 2000 Office in Species File Group, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Champaign IL, USA.

Luisa Abucay, Catalogue of Life Database Manager at the CoL Philippines Office, FIN, Los Baños, Philippines.

Thomas Orrell, ITIS Deputy Director, ITIS Secretariat, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.

David Nicolson, ITIS Data Development Leader, USGS, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.

Nicolas Bailly, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for Marine sectors at Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Paul Kirk, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for Fungi and Chromista sectors at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK.

Thierry Bourgoin, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for Insects at the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

Edward DeWalt, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for Aquatic Insects at the Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois, Champaign IL, USA.

Wim Decock, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for marine taxa (WoRMS) at the Flanders Marine Data Centre, VLIZ, Oostende, Belgium

Aaike De Wever, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for freshwater taxa (FADA) at the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium.

Erik van Nieukerken, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for lepidopteran taxa at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

James Zarucchi, Taxonomic Editorial Advisor for vascular plants at the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis MO, USA.

Lyubomir Penev, Advisor for editorial and publishing logistics at Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria.


The Catalogue of Life Assembly Team at FIN, Los Baños, Philippines.

Luisa Abucay, Catalogue of Life Database Manager.

Jeremiah Jansalin, Assistant for Catalogue of Life Database Manager (until September 2017).


The Catalogue of Life Software Development Team at Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands

Wouter Addink, general management.

Ruud Altenburg, software support and development.

Hugo van Duijn, systems administration.

• DVD project: Daphne Duin (project manager), Maarten Schermer (installer for Windows), Ruud Altenburg (installer for Mac), Foppe Pieters (installer for Linux), Paul Klinkenberg (booklet design and DVD production).


Photo on the cover:

Jewel beetle Chrysochroa fulminans from Phuket, Thailand, 2012 by ©Kim Y. Seng (Captain Kimo).